The Rules of Freestyle Wrestling – EXPLAINED!
Ninh explains, the Rules of Freestyle Wrestling.
The object of the game is to wrestle the opponent and win by either pin or by points.
Freestyle Wrestling is one the most popular versions of wrestling worldwide and is contested
at the Olympic Games. Wrestling matches are contested between two
people who are of similar weight, on a rubber mat that measures 9m in diameter. Wrestlers
either wear red or blue during a contest. In Freestyle Wrestling – you can attack
all parts of the body and use all parts of the body to try and take down your opponent.
The whole body is fair game. This means that there is a lot to attack, and a lot to defend.
You must try to get your opponent onto their back, so that both shoulder blades touch the
floor simultaneously. If you successfully pin your opponent’s
shoulder blades to the floor for one second, the referee will stop the contest and you
win automatically. This is known as winning by fall, or winning
by pin. If neither wrestler can pin each other, you
can score points to win the contest instead. There are 5 main ways of scoring.
If you manage to take your opponent down onto the mat with control over them, this is a
takedown and is worth anywhere between 2 and 5 points. The amount of points depends on
the type of takedown – with throws of grand amplitude scoring the maximum 5 points. Whilst in a defensive position, if you manage
to get away from the wrestler or get yourself into the neutral position, this is an escape
and is worth 1 point. Whilst in a defensive position, if you manage
to come from the bottom and take control of your opponent on top, this is a reversal and
scores 1 point. Whilst in an offensive position, if you expose
your opponent’s back to the floor, and are in a dominant position with control, this
is known as exposure, and scores 2 or 3 points depending on the length of time you nearly
pin your opponent. And if you do commit any illegal move, the
referee may award Penalty Points to your opponent. There are numerous ways this can happen.
A Freestyle wrestling match is contested in two periods of 3 minutes each.
If someone doesn’t win by fall, the wrestler with the highest score at the end of the 2
periods, wins. If the scores are tied, the referee and judges
will make a decision based on who was the superior wrestler.
That’s the bare bones of Freestyle Wrestling, but there’s a few other things you’ll
need to know before watching or contesting a match. For example: Caution
If a wrestler commits an illegal move, violates one of the rules, or has no intention of wrestling,
the referee can award a caution and/or penalty points against them.
If a wrestler places one foot outside the circle, the match is stopped, the wrestler
cautioned and one point is awarded to his opponent. This is known as out of bounds. If a wrestler runs away, or refuses to start
or wrestle, this is passivity and results in the wrestler is cautioned and the opponent
will be awarded one point. Par Terre
The referee may order the wrestlers to start in Par Terre position. This can be issued
after a caution or if one wrestler is passive for two minutes without scoring. The offending
wrestler will be on the bottom on his hands and knees. The other wrestler grapples from
the top. In Freestyle Wrestling, the top wrestler has the advantage and when the referee whistles,
you commence wrestling in this position. Technical Superiority (Technical Fall).
In Freestyle Wrestling, if one wrestler accrues a 10 point advantage over their opponent,
the referee will end the contest immediately and that wrestler will win by technical superiority
or technical fall. Win by Injury, Forfeit or Disqualification.
If the wrestler cannot continue during the match, the opponent will be awarded a Win
by Injury. If the wrestler cannot start the contest,
the opponent will be awarded a win by Forfeit. If a wrestler accrues 3 cautions or is banned
from competing further by the referee, the opponent will Win by Disqualification. That’s a lot to take in, but once you’ve
watched Freestyle Wrestling for a while, the rules will become clear.
Check out my videos on the other forms of wrestling which you can find on my channel.
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Follow me on Twitter also and share on Reddit, but in the meantime – enjoy Freestyle Wrestling. Ninh Ly – www.ninh.co.uk – @NinhLyUK