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Strangely, turtlescrocodilianslizardsand snakes were either not affected or affected only slightly. Effects on amphibians and mammals were mild. These patterns seem odd, considering how environmentally sensitive and habitat-restricted many of these groups are today.

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Many marine groups-such as the molluscan ammonitesthe belemnitesand certain bivalves -were decimated. Other greatly affected groups were the moss animals phylum Bryozoathe crinoidsand a number of planktonic life-forms such as foraminifersradiolarianscoccolithophores, and diatoms. Whatever factors caused it, there was undeniably a major, worldwide biotic change near the end of the Cretaceous.

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But the extermination of the dinosaurs is the best-known change by far, and it has been a puzzle to paleontologists, geologists, and biologists for two centuries. Many hypotheses have been offered over the years to explain dinosaur extinction, but only a few have received serious consideration. Proposed causes have included everything from disease to heat waves and resulting sterility, freezing cold spells, the rise of egg-eating mammals, and X-rays from a nearby exploding supernova.

Since the early s, attention has focused on the so-called asteroid theory put forward by the American geologist Walter Alvarezhis father, physicist Luis Alvarezand their coworkers.

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This theory is consistent with the timing and magnitude of some extinctions, especially in the oceans, but it does not fully explain the patterns on land and does not eliminate the possibility that other factors were at work on land as well as in the seas.

One important question is whether the extinctions were simultaneous and instantaneous or whether they were nonsynchronous and spread over a long time.


The precision with which geologic time can be measured leaves much to be desired no matter what means are used radiometric, paleomagnetic, or the more traditional measuring of fossil content of stratigraphic layers.

Attempts to pinpoint the K-T boundary event, even by using the best radiometric dating techniques, result in a margin of error on the order of 50, years. Consequently, the actual time involved in this, or any of the preceding or subsequent extinctions, has remained undetermined.

Feb 09,   Scientists release most precise date of dinosaur extinction New radiometric dating analysis shows the creatures disappearing some 66, years ago. Jul 31,   Learn about the mass extinction event 66 million years ago and the evidence for what ended the age of the dinosaurs. world/ more precise dating of the Deccan Traps. Scientists can't tell whether the clock ran down a few days or millions of years ago. This means that isotopes with a short half-life won't work to date dinosaur bones. The short half-life is only part of the problem when dating dinosaur bones - researchers also have to find enough of the parent and daughter atoms to Tracy V. Wilson.

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Dinosaur Extinction is a hot topic for debate. New theories for the catastrophe that killed the dinosaurs are presented every couple of years. We have viewed the evidence and have decided to present our own theory. Dinosaur Extinction: The Premise Dinosaur extinction - Most scientists believe that dinosaurs went extinct about 50 to 65 million. The second major theory for dinosaur extinction is called the Massive Volcanic Hypothesis. According to this theory, there was a period of continuous volcanic eruptions around the world. They filled the atmosphere with ash and dangerous fumes, contaminated water sources, changed the landscape, and killed plant and animal life. The earth's core. Image caption The study revealed a more accurate date for dinosaur extinction team that has been investigating the demise of the dinosaur. By using dating techniques on .

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Load Previous Page. Extinction A misconception commonly portrayed in popular books and media is that all the dinosaurs died out at the same time-and apparently quite suddenly-at the end of the Cretaceous Perio 66 million years ago.

Britannica Demystified.

Dating dinosaur extinction

Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Footprints of dinosaurs, humans and other mammals coexist in the same fossil layers in Texas and New Mexico.

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Native American Petroglyphs. Cave and cliff drawings in Utah and Colorado crudely depict certain dinosaur species dated from A.

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Ica Stones. Ceremonial burial stones discovered in Ica, Peru depict numerous species of dinosaurs, some in activities with man dated from A.

International Team Establish Most Accurate Date Yet for Extraterrestrial Impact. If you were able to travel back in time, one part of Earth's history that would be best avoided would be 66, years ago plus or minus 11, years, as this period has been identified by a team of international researchers as being the time of the impact of a huge object from space that aided the . Dinosaur - Dinosaur - Extinction: A misconception commonly portrayed in popular books and media is that all the dinosaurs died out at the same time-and apparently quite suddenly-at the end of the Cretaceous Period, 66 million years ago. This is not entirely correct, and not only because birds are a living branch of dinosaurian lineage. The best records, which are almost . The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) extinction event, also known as the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) extinction, was a sudden mass extinction of three-quarters of the plant and animal species on Earth, approximately 66 million years ago. With the exception of some ectothermic species such as the leatherback sea turtle and crocodiles, no tetrapods weighing more than 25 .

Acambaro Figurines. Ceramic and stone figurines discovered in Acambaro, Mexico represent many species of dinosaurs dated from B.

Scientists release most precise date of dinosaur extinction

Dragon Accounts. Some cultures revered these creatures.

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For instance, records of Marco Polo in China show that the royal house kept dragons for ceremonies. In other cultures, it was a great honor to kill these beasts. There are numerous records of warriors killing great beasts in order to establish credibility in a village. Behemoth, Leviathan and the Dragons of the Bible.

What Happened to the Dinosaurs?

Job writes of great creatures, Behemoth and Leviathan, nearly years ago. Although more recent Bible translations use elephant, hippo or crocodile instead, the original Hebrew does not allow for these interpretations. Many famous legends, including the mythology of Egypt, Greece and Rome, include specific descriptions of dragons and other dinosaur-like creatures.

Dragons in Ancient Art.

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